Assam

BASIC OVERVIEW 

Area:  78,438sq.KM (approx)
Coordinates: 24˚10ʹN and 27˚58ʹN
89˚49ʹE and 97˚26ʹE
Capital: Dispur (Guwahati)
Temperature Range:

  • Summer: Max 38˚C Min 29˚C (approx)

  • Winter: Max 30˚C Min 10˚C (approx)

Best time to visit: Throughout the year
Must Visit Places: KAMAKHYA TEMPLE, Srimanta Sankardeb Kalakhatra, Cole Park, KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK, Sivsagar, Digboi and many more

 

Transportation to get into the State

Guwahati, the capital city of Assam is also known as Gateway of North East India.

Air: Assam can easily reach by air through 6 airports of Assam – Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Jorhat, Tezpur, Silchar and North Lakhimpur. The Airport of Guwahati is an International Airport which is known as Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport and it is well connected with all the other 7 states of Northeast India and also with the rest of India and Globe.

Rail: Assam is well connected by rail with the whole India. Some of the major railheads of Assam are – Guwahati, Jorhat, Bongaigaon, Dibrugarh, Lumding, Silchar etc. The Head Quarter of North East Frontier Railway is situated at Maligaon, Guwahati.

Road: All the major towns and villages in the state are well connected with the rest of India. 11 National Passing thought the state like NH 37 and more. The A.S.T.C. and the other privet companies have good numbers of the public vehicle to run in the state. From the INTERSTATE BUS TERMINAL (ISBT) one can easily access into anywhere of Northeast by Bus service. It is in the bank of NH 37 near Lokhora.

 

National Parks

DIBRU SAIKHOWA NATIONAL PARK

KAZIRANGA NATIONAL PARK

MANAS NATIONAL PARK

NAMERI NATIONAL PARK

RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL PARK

 

Major Tourist and Historical attractions

AGNIGARH

ASSAM STATE MUSEUM

ASSAM TEA GARDENS

BHAIRAV KUND

CHARAIDEO MAIDAMS

CHITRALEKHA PARK (COLE PARK)

GUWAHATI PLANETARIUM

KARENG GHAR 

LACHIT BORPHUKAN’S MAIDAM

MAYONG

RANG GHAR

SRIMANTA SANKARDEV KALASHETRA

SRI SURYA PAHAR (HILL)

TALATAL GHAR

 

River Islands

MAJULI

PEACOCK ISLAND

 

Zoological Garden

ASSAM STATE ZOO CUM BOTANICAL GARDEN

 

Hill Station

KARBI ANGLONG

 

Major Lakes

CHANDUBI LAKE

DEEPOR BEEL

HAFLONG LAKE

SON BEEL

 

Major Holy Sites

BARPETA SATRA

BASISTHA TEMPLE 

DIRGHESWARI TEMPLE

HAJO TEMPLES 

KAMAKHYA TEMPLE 

MADAN KAMDEV

MAHA BHAIRABH TEMPLE

NABAGRAHA TEMPLE

PANBARI MOSQUE 

POA MECCA 

SHIVA DOL 

UMANANDA TEMPLE

 

Major Tourist Festival

Brahmaputra Beach Festival: A perfect blend of tradition and modernity, the festival is held on the beaches of the Brahmaputra river. This festival is held in Guwahati during the January month of every year.

Chandubi Festival: This festival is held to promote the bio-diversity, tourist attractions of CHANDUBI LAKE and to show the rich traditional culture, Ethnic culinary, Delicacies, Rituals, and traditional practices of the local tribes around it. The festival also celebrates the New year as it is held in the first week of the January Month every year. The venue of the Festival is Chandubi, Rajapara of Kamrup Rural District which comes under Rabha Hasong Autonomous Council.  near CHANDUBI LAKE. The festival is being organised by Chandubi Festival Organising Committee.

Dihing Patkai Festival: This festival held in Lekhapani of Upper Assam, is a perfect blend of ethnic games, wildlife excursions, adventure sports, golf, tea garden tours etc. The festival is held between 16 and 19 January

Elephant Festival: A unique festival held at the Kaziranga National Park, which celebrates the glory of the wildlife in the park. Runtime of the festival is during the January month.

Raas Mahotsav: This festival is focused on the art, craft, lifestyle of the vaishnava satra and a lifestyle of Lord Krishna. Raas Mahotsava of Majuli is considering as the best Raas Mahotsava of the state. Beside Majuli, The Raas Mahotsava of Hawli, Pathsala, Nalbari is also great and enjoyable. This festival is run during the month of November every Year.

Ambubachi Mela: This is the biggest festival in Assam, which focuses on spiritual energy. The Xadhu, Baba and Tantrik from around the world are getting together here for the blessings of Goddess Kamakhya. The festival is held at Kamakhya Temple during the month of June.

Bohag Bihu: Bohag Bihu or Rangali Bihu also called Haat Bihu (seven Bihus) is a festival celebrated in the state of Assam and northeastern India and marks the beginning of the Assamese New Year. It usually falls on April 13, historically signifying the time of harvest. It falls on April 14 in 2016. It unites the population of Assam regardless of their religions or backgrounds and promotes the celebration of diversity. In India, it is celebrated seven days after Vishuva Sankranti of the month of Vaisakh or locally ‘Bohag’ (Bhaskar Calendar). The three primary types of Bihu are Rongali Bihu, Kongali Bihu, and Bhogali Bihu. Each festival historically recognizes a different agricultural cycle of the paddy crops. During Rangali Bihu there are 7 pinnacle phases: ‘Chot’, ‘Raati’, ‘Goru’, ‘Manuh’, ‘Kutum’, ‘Mela’ and ‘Chera’. click here for more about all the seven bihus

Doul Festival of Barpeta: Doul festival is celebrated three to five days. The festival starts with Gandh on the first day and concluded with Suweri on the last day. The three days Doul is called “Deka Doul” and four or five days Doul is called “Bura Doul”. According to the tradition four days doul is held in the month of “Phagun purnima” (full moon) and three days Doul is held in the month of Chot purnima” (full moon). The first day is called gandha orbanhutsava. The first day of the doul festival began with a huge bonfire of reeds set ablaze by disciples in front of the main ‘kirtanghar’ or the main prayer hall, which is an architectural marvel in itself where major religious activities of the monastery are held.

 

WILDLIFE SANCTUARIES OF ASSAM

Name Location Area Year of Establishment Major Attraction
Amachang Wildlife Sanctuary Kamrup (R) district, Assam 78.64 square KM 2004 N/A
Barail Wildlife Sanctuary Kachar district, Assam 326.25 square KM 2004 Serow, Himalayan black bear, hoolock gibbon, langur, macaques, jungle cat, clouded leopard, barking deer, white backed vulture, partridge, pheasant, hornbill, rock python, king cobra etc.
Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary Udalguri and Baksa district, Assam 26.22 square KM 1980 Pygmy hog, golden langur,hoolock gibbon, white winged wood duck, kingfisher, swamp partridge, woodpecker etc.
Bherjan- Borajan Wildlife Sanctuary Tinsukia district, Assam 7.22 square KM 1999 Hoolock gibbon, capped langur, pig tailed macaque, slow loris rhesus macaque, leopard etc.
Burachapori Wildlife Sanctuary Sonitpur district, Assam 44.06 square KM 1995 Indian Rhinos, tiger, wild buffalo, hog deer, wild pigs, elephants, Bengal florican, black necked stork, mallard, openbill stork, teal, etc.
Chakrashila Wildlife Sanctuary Dhubri and Kokrajhar district, Assam 45.56 square KM 1994 Snakes, lizards, turtles, butterflies, Indian flying fox, Asiatic jackal, Bengal fox, Chinese pangolin, hornbills, black francolin, lesser whistling duck, herons, falcon etc.
Deepor Beel Wildlife Sanctuary Kamrup (M) district, Assam 4.14 square KM 2002 Migrating birds
Dihing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary Sivsagar, Dibrugarh and Tinsukia, district, Assam 221.81 square KM 2000 Hoolock gibbon, slow loris, pig tail macaque, Himalayan black deer, clouded leopard, porcupine, crab eating mongoose, sambar, golden cat etc. greater spotted eagle, white winged wood duck, hornbill etc. Only rain forest in Assam.
East Karbi Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong District, Assam 6.05 square KM 1955 Hoolock gibbon, leopard, clouded leopard, small Indian civet, barking deer, porcupine, king cobra, monitor lizard python, great hornbill, common green pigeon, black hooded oriole etc.
Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong district, Assam 6.05 square KM 1952 Hot water spring, waterfalls, and surrounded by Nambor Sanctuary having 51 rare species of orchid.
Hollongpar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary Jorhat district, Assam 20.95 square KM 1997 Hoolock gibbon. And surrounded by tea gardens.
Lawkhowa Wildlife Sanctuary Nogaon district, Assam 70.14 square KM 1972 Great Indian One horned Rhinoceros, Asiatic Buffalo, Bengal tiger, leopard, Indian boar, hog deer, leopard cat etc.
Marat Longri Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong district, Assam 451 square KM 2003 Hoolock gibbon, slow loris, rhesus macaque, elephant, tigers, leopard, clouded leopard, Asiatic black bear, wild dog, woodpecker, banded krait, rock, python, monitor lizard, brown hill, tortoise etc.
Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary Karbi Anglong district, Assam 37 square KM 2000 Elephant, hoolock gibbon, slow loris, tiger, wild boar, barking deer, fishing cat, gaur, leopard, jungle fowl, great hornbill, hill myna, teal, racket tailed drone, rock dove etc.
Nambor Doigrung Wildlife Sanctuary Golaghat district, Assam 97.15 square KM 2000 Elephant, hoolock gibbon, macaque, slow loris, tiger, leopard, fishin cat, barking deer, sambar, wild boar, gaur, white winged wood duck, great pied hornbill, adjutant, monitor lizard, tortoise, python etc.
Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary Morigaon district, Assam 38.81 square KM 1987 Great Indian one horned Rhinoceros, Asiatic Elephant, Asiatic buffalo, leopard, wild boar, barking deer, migrating birds, reptiles etc.
Pani-Dihing Wildlife Sanctuary Sivsagar district, Assam 33.93 square KM 1995 Bar headed goose, graylag goose, spot billed duck, gadwall, wigeon, red crested pochard, storks, white rumped vulture etc.
Sonai Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary Sonitpur district, Assam 175 square KM 1998 Tiger, lesser cats, elephant, wild boar, hog deer, barking deer, white winged wood duck, hornbill, pelican, python, russell’s viper etc.
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